Plan Position Indicator for Secondary Radar
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Primary Radar Simulators

Training Manual for PSR, CW, FMCW, SAR, iSAR

Download Primary Radar Training and Experiment Guide

1 RADAR FUNDAMENTALS  

2 THE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A RADAR
   2.1 The directionality of the radiation
   2.2 Pulse width
   2.3 Beam width
   2.4 The radiation power and receiver sensitivity
   2.5 Pulse repetition rate, and the rotation speed of the antenna
   2.6 Maximal range
   2.7 The resolution of the radar in range
   2.8 The resolution of the radar in azimuth

3 BASIC CONTROLS OF THE PSR SIMULATOR
   3.1 Elements of the radar windows for in the Controller Work Position CWP
   3.2 Elements of supervisor window for Pseudo Pilot Position control

4 EXAMPLES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF PULSE RADARS ILLUSTRATED WITH THE PSR PULSE SIMULATOR
   4.1 Determination of the distance and direction between radar and aircraft as well as between aircrafts
   4.2 Working in conditions of interference from terrain
   4.3 Accomplishing the ideal resolution
   4.4 Effect of the signal power and noise to radar performance
   4.5 RCS fluctuation and using polarization changing for decreasing of effect
   4.6 Signal attenuation
   4.7 TASKS FOR SELF-PACED LEARNING

5 EXAMPLES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF CW RADARS ILLUSTRATED WITH THE CW (DOPPLER) SIMULATOR
   5.1 Using the Doppler radar to discriminate the targets by the speed

6 EXAMPLES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF FMCW RADARS ILLUSTRATED WITH THE FMCW SIMULATOR
   6.1 Revisiting the example of two overlapping aircrafts
   6.2 Impact of Doppler shift on FMCW radar
   6.3 Velocity impact to FMCW
   6.4 Determining of the radial speed from radar with non-triangular modulation

7 EXAMPLES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADARS ILLUSTRATED WITH THE SAR SIMULATOR
   7.1 Creating a high resolution SAR-image

8 EXAMPLES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF INVERSE SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADARS ILLUSTRATED WITH THE iSAR SIMULATOR
   8.1 Creating a high resolution iSAR-image

 


Secondary Radar Simulators

Training Manual for SSR Mode A, C and S, ADS-B, Side Lobes, STCA, MSAW, SAP, CAP, DBS

Download Secondary Radar Training and Experiment Guide

1 Secondary Surveillance Radars

2 Basic functionality

3 Experimenting with the SSR Simulator
   3.1 Setting up the Airspace and Monitoring Aircrafts in the SSR Simulator
   3.2 Theoretical Information on Mode A, C and S in the context of air traffic control
   3.3 Capturing and Interpreting ADS-B
   3.4 Side lobes suppression
   3.5 UF and DF
     3.5.1 Interrogation in Mode A, C and S
     3.5.2 Replies in Mode A and C
     3.5.3 Replies in Mode S / ADS-B
   3.6 Collision Avoidance
     3.6.1 A deeper look at TCAS
     3.6.2 STCA, MSAW, APM and APW
     3.6.3 Differences between the ground-borne STCA and air-borne TCAS
     3.6.4 STCA, MSAW, APM and APW
   3.7 SAP, CAP and DBS.

 

PSR & SSR Simulators

A Video Introducing the PSR & SSR Simulators

Video Introduction into the PSR & SSR Simulators

Introducing the simulators on PSR-Pulse, CW, FMCW, SAR, iSAR and Secondary Surveillance Radar including ADS-B, Mode-A, Mode-B and Mode-S.


E-Learing

>Dive Deep into Primary Radar and SAR

e-Learning Radar Basics and SAR

The e-Learning courses Radar Basics and SAR Basics were developed with the focus on Radar Image Interpretation.

Start the course now.

Radar Basics

This e-learning course includes six e-learning modules, covering the principles of radar and how to interpret radar images of airports, harbors or industrial facilities. It also includes valuable information on how to identify of specific types of industrial building objects in radar-based aerial images.

  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Operation Mode
  • Image Acquistion
  • Radar Effects
  • Image Resolution
  • RAR Systems

Start the course now.

SAR Basics

This e-Learning Course includes 4 e-Learning modules, starting with the SAR principles around the Doppler Effect and guiding right up to procedures of SAR image interpretation and object oriented interpretation.

  • Doppler Effect
  • SAR Resolution
  • Operation Mode
  • SAR Processing

Start the course now.

What is FreeScopes?

FreeScopes is a standardized browser-based graphical user interface for all SkyRadar applications. Learn more in the Overview and Description section.

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