Kenneth Vignali

Kenneth Vignali is an expert in cyber security including Open-Source Intelligence Investigations, Digital Forensics and Incident Response as well as general cyber security best practices for their client base. Prior to becoming a cybersecurity consultant, he has worked with several large Fortune 500 companies and local and state governments while serving as a Senior Security Advisor for Dell SecureWorks. In his time at SecureWorks, he became a trusted advisor to executives including CIOs and CISOs and led various enterprise-wide security projects for over 7 years. Prior to his current career, he spent 8 years in the US Army serving in roles from threat intelligence, artillery and led a Personal Security Detail team for US officers in Iraq, providing security for key high-level personnel while advising the Iraqi military and government.

Cybersecurity in ATM: Investigating VPN Logs in Incident Response

For about two decades, security leaders were told over and over by many vendors that the key to good security is setting up proper VPNs (virtual private networks) which promised encryption and protection against malicious actors. With the rise of remote work, global work forces, contractors and trusted 3rd parties having access to the company network, having the right solution in place, coupled with proper logging and monitoring, can help you detect any potential issues before they become a major incident.

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Cybersecurity in ATM : Investigating Windows Logs in Incident Response

The keys to successful incident response equate to having the proper people, processes, and tools in place to act decisively when an incident occurs, which is a recurring theme in our incident response articles. Without proper logging occurring ahead of time, which is a large part of the picture for security operations and incident response, teams, it will make it difficult to prove how long a threat actor was in an environment, and depending on the lack of logs, could be very difficult to provide analysis on activities taken by the threat actors or insider threats depending on the case scenario.

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Cybersecurity in ATM: Investigations Using Firewall Logs

This article sheds light on Firewall Logs in incident investigations. We explore key behaviors and patterns for effective threat detection

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Cybersecurity in ATM: Investigating Cyber Incidents Using the 2FA Logs


Historically, security teams would advocate for their IT teams and management to approve the implementation of multi-factor authentication in order to reduce the impact of threats such as brute force attacks against passwords, mitigate fall out from phishing emails and other social engineering related attacks. For context, there are multiple methods of implementing two factor authentication, which includes but is not limited to, SMS based, voice and app based. Once an implementation is in place, this will provide security and incident response teams additional protection and more importantly, additional data points to investigate security alerts.

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Cybersecurity in ATM: Investigations Incidents with Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB) Data

CASB solutions can help your business in addressing risk in cloud-based services, consistently enforce security policies and comply with regulations, even when these services reside beyond your perimeter and out of your direct control. The value stems from the ability to identify high-risk applications, users, and other key risk factors across cloud platforms - a potential blind spot for many businesses.

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Cybersecurity in ATM : Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) logs

Endpoint detection and response (EDR) provides continuous monitoring and analysis of endpoints, aiding incident response teams in efficiently managing threats and reducing overall response times in cybersecurity operations.

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Cybersecurity in ATM : Using the Security Stack for Investigations – Password Reset Logs

This article explores cyber investigations through leveraging the Security Stack. It sheds light on the role of password reset logs in swift breach detection and mitigation.

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Cybersecurity in ATM: Leveraging Anti-Virus Logs for Incident Response

As part of our series on how incident response teams leverage different parts of the security stack for investigations, we now are going to look at how anti-virus logs are used and can be used.

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Cybersecurity in ATM : Incident Response using the Security Stack – Office 365 Logs

As part of our ongoing series regarding how each part of an organization’s security stack helps the incident response and forensic teams perform their analysis, we are going to now discuss Office 365 logs and the details it captures as teams interact with services held there. 

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