SkyRadar's 8 GHz Pulse radar emits in the X-band, the band used by ATC Area Control Radars, but also by the military and the marine. The transmitter can emit very short pulses through the antenna and monitor the reflected pulses. The pulses are reflected of fixed and moving objects.
The signals are digitally processed using a Digital Signal Processor (DSP), data is visualized through the analysis and visualization software SkyRadar FreeScopes. With a range resolution better than 10 cm and a pulse width of 0.5 nsec it is the most accurate training pulse radar in the market. The number of concurrent users practicing independently is not limited.
The system comes in its basic configuration with NextGen 8 GHz FreeScopes Basic I, providing features like
The users are enabled to do manipulations independently on their computers. Free floating panels of the FreeScopes Control Center allow each student to set up his own signal conversion chain, analyzing raw data, data after FFT, STC etc.
The following subjects can be trained with the system, depending on the included FreeScopes Packages:
The system can be supplied in a package with several extensions of FreeScopes or it can be extended progressively:
Overview of the key technical features:
|Power Requirements||12V, 5V|
|Maximum Range||up to 25 m|
|Maximum Sampling Rate Rx||23.3 GS/s|
|Dimensions||140 mm x 143mm x 200 mm;|
|Net Weight||below 5 kg|
|Supply Current||100 mA|
|Operating Ambient Temperature||+ 10 … + 40 °C|
Table: General operative characteristics of the Transceiver
|Transmitter Center Frequency (ETSI / KCC)||7.29 GHz / 8.748 GHz|
|Transmitter Bandwidth (ETSI / KCC)||1.4 GHz / 1.5 GHz|
|Energy per Pulse (ETSI)||0.45 pJ||1.47 pJ||2.6 pJ|
|Peak Pulse Output Power (ETSI)||- 0.7 dBm||4.1 dBm||6.3 dBm|
|Pulse Repetition Frequency||40.5 MHz|
|Differential Output Impedance||100 Ohm|
Table : Operative characteristics of the Transmitter (subsection of the Transceiver)
|Radar Frame Length||9.87 m / 65.8 ns|
|Sampling Rate||23.328 GS/s|
|Receiver Gain (ETSI)||12.3 dB||14.1 dB||15.0 dB|
|Receiver Noise Figure (ETSI)||5.4 dB||6.8 dB||8.8 dB|
|Receiver Bandwidth (- 3 dB), Flow||6.13 GHz||6.5 GHz|
|Receiver Bandwidth (- 3 dB), Fhigh||10.0 GHz||10.76 GHz|
|Differential Input Impedance||100||Ohm|
Table : Operative characteristics of the Receiver (subsection of the Transceiver)
SkyRadar produces products to train the civil use of radar equipment. We actively take that mission to makes this world a better and safer place. We do not provide goods which are in conflict of the dual use regulation (unless with specific written consent of the European Regulation Bodies and if the purpose is a peaceful one). SkyRadar has received a general export permit 40066564 dated 22.08.2011.
SkyRadar emphasizes that the COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 428/2009 and its amendments are the only authentic legal reference and that the information in this document does not constitute legal advice.
According Paragraph 6A008, goods are subject to the above stated Regulation, when they comply to the following criteria:
Explanation why SkyRadar does not comply to these criteria
|a. Operating at frequencies from 40 GHz to 230 GHz and having any of the following: ...||
The system operates at 24 GHz and operates with max 1.8 mW far below the critical threshold
|b. A tunable bandwidth exceeding ± 6,25 % of the 'centre operating frequency'||
The bandwidth is below 1% of the centre operating frequency
|c. Capable of operating simultaneously on more than two carrier frequencies||
The system operates with one carrier frequency
|d. Capable of operating in synthetic aperture (SAR), inverse synthetic aperture (ISAR) radar mode, or sidelooking airborne (SLAR) radar mode||
The base module itself does not include SAR, iSAR or SLAR features.
|e. Incorporating electronically scanned array antennae||
The system does not work with electronically scanned array antennae. It operates either with 2 horn antennae.
The dual use regulation, in particular paragraph 6A008 does not control "Displays or monitors used for air traffic control (ATC)", as done by SkyRadar FreeScopes.
Section l.1 of paragraph 6A008 addresses "Automatic target tracking" providing, at any antenna rotation, the predicted target position beyond the time of the next antenna beam passage. This paragraph however does not "control conflict alert capability in ATC systems". Only that is done by the SkyRadar FreeScopes software. Target tracking in terms of trajectory projection, as done by military systems is explicitly excluded and not part of the system.
Paragraph 6A108 concerns Radar systems and tracking systems, other than those specified in entry 6A008. It covers Radar and laser radar systems designed or modified for use in space launch vehicles specified in 9A004 or sounding rockets specified in 9A104. This is not applicable to the SkyRadar training equipment.