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SkySim Radar Simulator incl. Virtual Jammers -  Description & Datasheet

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The simulator is able to simulate radar, noise jammer and deception jammers. This allows to apply the simulator in the context of civil and military defence training. The signals can be superimposed on the live raw data stream of SkyRadar's NextGen 8 GHz Pulse radar and thus create a realistic training context of multiple jamming scenarios.

The solution allows for the following 3 scenarios

  • Full simulation (radar and jammer are simulated)
  • Real radar and simulated jammer
  • Real radar and real jammer

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POSSIBLE EXERCISES

The scope of exercises in the fields which can be implemented with the DSP radar simulator is virtually unlimited. So we just state some fields of application here:

Radar Operation Skills
(FreeScopes series Basic and ATC  required)

  • Radar modes pulse, pulse compression, Doppler, FMCW
  • Variation of transmission power, frequency, pulse width, antenna elevation, antenna rotation speed
  • Application of algorithms and filters like STC, Source Suppress, CFAR, FFT, MTI, MTD etc.
  • Variation of target size, range, speed, shape

Defense against Disturbances and Jamming Attacks
(FreeScopes series ATC Distirbance Filtering and Analysis required)

  • Denfense strategies against noise jamming (self-noise radiation, Gaussian noise, barrage jamming, spot jamming, cover pulse)
  • Defense strategies against deception jamming (repeater jamming, digital radio frequency memory jamming DRFM).

Radar Model

The simulator is based on a simulated radar model with parameters like

  • Detection probability 
  • False alarm rate
  • Range 
  • Range resolution
  • And for the targets:
    Target RCS

Modulation & Waveform

  • Rectangular pulses (variable)
  • PRF (variable)
  • Pulse width (variable)

Noise

  • Receiver side --> thermal noise on the receiver.
  • Clutter
  • Artificial Jamming (Noise, Active Target, Deception Jamming)

Transmitter

  • Stimulated emission power is based on the required Signal-to-Noise ratio SNR
  • SNR is a function of Pd, Pfa and pulse integration
  • Ptx (minimum value) calculated from the Radar equation

Antennas

  • Radiator Tx for Radar and Jammer
  • Collector Rx for Radar and Jammer
  • Sending Lobes and Side lobes like a real radar

Simulation

  • Static and moving targets in the simulation environment
  • Spectrogram of Simulated WaveForms
  • Spectrogram can be used for Jamming detection

Propagation Environment

Propagation channel between radar and target

  • Sampling Rate
  • WavePropagation
  • Operating frequency

Simulator Output

The simulator provides JSON-formatted I&Q data as output. It is enhanced with metadata like time-stamps.

It can be directly used in FreeScopes or passed to analytic environments like MATLAB with SkyRadar's SDK

Signal Processing

Signal Processing is done in FreeScopes, based on

  • IQ Data
  • Power Detection

Jamming

The jammers in the simulated jamming environment are able to match the following radar characterstics:

  • operating frequency
  • pulse repetition frequency (PRF)
  • pulse repetition interval (PRI)
  • pulse width

The simulator for Jammers makes use of the Radar Model. It can emulate Noise Jammers and Deception Jammers.

Noise Jammers

  • barrage jamming
  • spot jamming

Deception Jammers

  • repeater jamming
  • digital radio frequency memory jamming (DRFM)

The supply of the jamming add-on is subject to EU regulation. This is not an attack simulator and it does not train jammer attacks. It trains security protection and defense as required in context of malicious and accidental disturbances for civil and military aviation infrastructures.

Ask for additional information on the FreeScopes Defense modules against jamming attacks in the modules

  • FreeScopes ATC Disturbance Filtering & Analysis I
  • FreeScopes ATC Disturbance Filtering & Analysis II