PSR Base Module
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Technical Training Equipment for ICAO- & EASA-based ATSEP training

Getting your staff qualified in a cost efficient and sustainable way

The following match-lists relates the ATSEP curriculas by ICAO and EASA with optimized training solutions. 
We follow ICAO's and EASA's pyramidal structure of

  • Basic Training
  • Qualification Training
  • Unit Training
  • Continuation Training

Basic Training

Basic Training is part of ICAO's initial training phase. Trainees are expected to acquire general knowledge regarding international and national organizations and standards (a); air traffic services, airspace standards, aeronautical information systems, meteorology and altimetry (b); CNS/ATM concepts (c); and human factors (d).

Subject 6: Navigation (NAV)

Getting an initial understanding of the Navigation Systems in Air Traffic Control. SkyRadar provides simulators which facilitate the introduction and accompany the ATSEP step-by-step to the higher skills levels

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Subject 7: Surveillance (SUR)

Familiarizing with and understanding the concept of primary and secondary radar surveillance. SkyRadar provides a multitude of training radars and simulators which makes the introduction into these technologies and processes easy and enthralling.

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Learn more about the primary and secondary radar simulator

Basic ATC

ATSEP Students shall get a foundation level of skills of the work as an ATC and the technical air traffic management infrastructure. Starting with a 3D tower simulator allows for tower simulation. The seamless APP module allows for approach familiarization. The ACC simulator introduces in to area control. The seamless simulation of ACC, APP, 3d TWR and GND introduces into the complete process.

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Qualification Training

At the completion of the qualification modules, ICAO expects ATSEP to be able to explain the purpose
of each system, piece of equipment and their technical specifications. They must also be able to explain
the effect and impact on the service while working on these systems or equipment.

Stream Navigation - VOR

Being able to understand, describe, explain various aspects of VHF Omnidirectional Radio Range (VOR). SkyRadar provides a powerful simulator for VOR, DME and ILS. The first steps into these systems will be easy, profound and effective.

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Stream Navigation - DME

Being able to understand, describe, explain various aspects of Distance Measuring Equipment (DME). SkyRadar provides a powerful simulator for VOR, DME and ILS. The first steps into these systems will be easy, profound and effective.

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Stream Navigation - ILS

Being able to understand, describe, explain various aspects of Instrument Landing Systems (ILS). SkyRadar provides a powerful simulator for VOR, DME and ILS. The first steps into these systems will be easy, profound and effective.                                       

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Stream Surveillance - PSR

Being able to describe, state, appreciate and explain the relevant characteristics around primary surveillance radars. SkyRadar provides special short-range, low-power training radars and simulators, particularly developed and optimized for ATSEP training.                                                                               

Learn more about the training radar

Learn more about the primary radar simulator

Stream Surveillance - SSR

Being able to describe, state, appreciate and explain the relevant characteristics and parameters around secondary radars including SSR, Mode A/C and S. SkyRadar provides specific simulators for SSR, developed for ATSEP training. 

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Stream Surveillance - ADS

Being able to describe, list, state, explain important aspects of Automatic Dependent Surveillance (ADS). SkyRadar provides specific simulators for ADS-B, developed for ATSEP training.         

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Stream System Monitoring and Control (SMC)-Navigation - VOR/DME/ILS

Being able to state system features and infrastructure and to describe the current situation, to monitor system performance and appreciate operational impacts                                                        

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Stream System Monitoring and Control (SMC)-Surveillance - Primary

Being able to describe operational requirements w.r.t. range resolution, coverage and availability 

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Stream System Monitoring and Control (SMC)-Surveillance - Secondary

Being able to describe operational requirements to, the benefits and working principles of SSR, Mode S etc.  

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Stream System Monitoring and Control (SMC)-Data-Surveillance

Being able to describe the operational requirements. 

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Unit Training

Unit training addresses theoretical and practical issues specific to the equipment and site of an operation unit. Unit training includes on-the-job training. It is in this phase that ATSEP competencies are trained and assessed. The level of training must be appropriate to the ATSEP profile but would not normally go beyond the replacement of the lowest replaceable module (LRM) or electronic boards of the system and equipment. Normally, unit training should not cover repair of LRMs or boards. If required, training for repairs should be conducted outside the scope of unit training. Unit training can be implemented at a specialized training centre, at the factory, on site or a combination thereof. However, OJT should be conducted on site in the operational environment. As opposed to initial training, detailed training objectives are not provided for the unit training phase because it is specific to an ATSEP job, a system or equipment for a given ANSP. Thus, only generalised training objectives can be provided.   

Tower / ACC / APP / GND Environment for Unit Training

Unit training needs to be very specific to the location where the licence holder provides his or her services. The tower environment includes a simulator and an full operational system. Through modularity and adaptable UI, the real-life environment can be replicated. The operational system follows international standards. Simulated or life data can be fed in. Outgoing communication however is limited to communication with pseudo-pilots. Secondary radar interrogation remains simulated. In such an environment, ATSEP personnel can be trained closed to On the Job (OJT). The applicable procedures and escalation routines of the airport can be practiced without endangering real-life traffic.

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System Monitoring and Control (SMC)-Surveillance - Primary

SkyRadar's Multi-Modal Radar allows to set up configurations, similar to those found on site. ATSEP students can train maintenance, error detection and rapid recovery procedures.

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RASS-S Training Radar for ICAO-based ATSEP training

This system trains related ATSEP competencies, without putting at risk the security of the operational environment.
Wherever there is a RASS-S system installed, this training solution is vital for unit training to train the technical solutions, available at the site. their maintenance, and rapid recovery in case of incidents.

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Continuation Training

There are three types of continuation training:

  • Refresher Training
    Refresher training is designed to review or reinforce existing ATSEP competencies. It should be site-specific, conducted on a regular basis and related to the rating and/or certification of the ATSEP. It should cover theoretical knowledge as well as practical skills which can be acquired through simulations or practical exercises.
    Refresher training may be carried out either on-site or off-site, whichever is the most appropriate. Where possible, it is advantageous that part of the training be carried out on representative systems or equipment.   
  • Emergency Training
    Emergency training refers to training for the management of non-routine situations. It is linked to the competency unit “management of non-routine situations” and the subsequent competency elements and performance criteria. ICAO expets that the ATSEP is enabled to deal with causal factors such as natural events such as earthquakes, tornado, flood, fire (a); security breach sich as terrorism, cyber-attack, sabotage (b); and technology breach such as major system failure or power failure (c). 
  • Conversion Training
    Conversion training is required when an existing system is changed in a way that it triggers operations. Examples can be system modificaiton (e.g. new hardware) or the availability of new monitoring, calibrating or measurement equipment. Conversion-training is system- or equipment specific.   

Tower / ACC / APP / GND Environment for Unit Training

Refresher, emergency and conversion training need to reinforce existing competencies, build emergency competencies and update system competencies on a new environment. The tower environment includes a simulator and an full operational system. Through modularity and adaptable UI, the real-life environment can be replicated. The tower system provides such an environment, where ATSEP personnel can be trained closed to On the Job (OJT). The applicable procedures and escalation routines of the airport can be practiced without endangering real-life traffic.

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Primary Surveillance Radar for Continuation Training

SkyRadar's primary radar is ideal for refresher training. ATSEP-refreshing students can even access the radar remotely and can participate in trainings from remote locations or in dedicated time slots in the evening. In addition the system can be used in classroom and learning laboratory sessions. will support the rating endorsements related to primary radar. The radar operates in pulse mode at 24 GHz and provides very high resolution even at short range.

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RASS-S Training System

The ATSEP-students can accomplish skills on a real operational RASS-S environment, enhanced with pedagoical ad-ons. The RASS-S modules fully comply to ICAO requirements.

For refresher training, parts of the exercises can be provided browser-based over intranet or extranet to be used in self-learning phases.

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SkyRadar Modular Radar Training System

SkyRadar's base unit is a close range training and research radar for indoor and outdoor experiments.