PSR Base Module
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Technical Training Equipment for ICAO- & EASA-based ATCO training

Getting your staff qualified in a cost efficient and sustainable way

The following match-lists relates the ATCO curriculas by ICAO and EU Commission Regulation 2015/340 with optimized training solutions. 
We follow ICAO's and EU's pyramidal structure of

  • Basic Training (Intial Training)
  • Rating Training (Initial Training)
  • Unit Training (OJT)
  • Continuation Training (Refresher, Emergency, Conversion)
  • Development Training (OJT, Examiner, Supervisor, Instructur/Classrom, Unit training officer, TRM, CISM, Safety)

Basic Training

Basic training is theoretical and practical training designed to impart fundamental knowledge and practical skills related to basic operational procedures.

Basic ATC training in the frame of Ab Initio/Core Content/Basic Induction (ICAO 051) introduces the students into the world of Air Traffic Control.

Basic ATC

Students shall get a foundation level of skills of the work as an ATC and the technical air traffic management infrastructure. Starting with a 3D tower simulator allows for tower simulation. The seamless APP module allows for approach familiarization. The ACC simulator introduces in to area control. The seamless simulation of ACC, APP, 3d TWR and GND introduces into the complete process.

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Surveillance (SUR)

In the basic training phase, the students are confronted for the first time with concepts of primary and secondary radar surveillance. SkyRadar provides a multitude of real indoor- training radars and simulators which make the introduction into these technologies and processes easy and enthralling. The solutions can be applied in classroom trainnig as well as in self-learning sessions.

Learn more about the PSR training radar      

Learn more about the PSR/SSR simulator    

Navigation (NAV)

In the basic training, the ATCO students get for the first time into contact with navigation aids. SkyRadar's navigation simulators allow for a first introduction - either in the frame of classroom training, or a self-learning session at the simulators.

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Rating Training

Rating training is theoretical and practical training designed to impart knowledge and practical skills related to a specific rating and, if applicable, to rating endorsement. Important pillars of the rating training are

  • Aerodrome Control (ICAO 052)
  • Approach Control Non-Radar (Procedural) (ICAO 053)
  • Approach Surveillance (Radar Control) (ICAO 054)
  • Area Control (Radar Control) (ICAO 054)
  • Area Control Non-Radar (Procedural) (ICAO 055)

Tower / ACC / APP / GND Simulator for Rating

The tower simulator will prepare the students for specific ratings and rating endorsements. It allows to learn and practice the complete procedures of Aerodrome Control, Approach Control (non-radar) and Surveillance (radar), as well as area control (radar and non radar). The simulator allows to provide a continuous seamless training environment from ACC to Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System. Roles of positions can be changed even during the course of a training, allowing e.g., to create virtual control centers with changing area attribution as required in the Single European Sky approach.

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Approach and Area Surveillance - Primary Radar for Rating

The primary radar will support the rating endorsements related to primary radar. The system is easy to use, rapidly set up and can be applied in classroom training and self-learning phases. The system can be installed in a way that your students access it through your academy's intranet, even outside the classroom times. This can be triggered via the a learning management system. The pulse radar operates at 24 GHz and provides very high resolution even at short range.                                                   

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Approach and Area Surveillance - PSR & SSR Simulator for Rating

Being able to describe, state, appreciate and explain the relevant characteristics and parameters around primary & secondary radars including Pulse, Doppler, FMCW, CW, SSR, Mode A/C and S. SkyRadar provides specific simulators for SSR, developed for ATCO training.   

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Approach and Area Surveillance - ADS-B for Rating

Being able to describe, list, state, explain important aspects of Automatic Dependent Surveillance (ADS). SkyRadar provides specific simulators for ADS-B, used in ATCO training.         

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Approach Control Non-Radar - NavAids Simulator

Being able to understand, describe, explain various aspects of Instrument Landing Systems (ILS). SkyRadar provides a powerful simulator for VOR, DME and ILS. The simulators can be used during classroom sessions as well as during self-learning sessions..                                       

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Unit Training

Unit endorsements are endorsements associated with specific ratings and rating endorsements which indicate the ATC unit and the individual sectors, groups of sectors or operational positions where the licence holder provides an ATC service.  

Tower / ACC / APP / GND Simulator for Unit Training

Unit training needs to be very specific to the location where the licence holder provides his or her services. The tower simulator is completely modular and can be adapted on the individual context and constellation of the location. When training for several locations are given in a central traing center, the profiles of several locations can be preset. Even the user interfaces and consoles can be configured like in the real life environment.

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Primary Radar for Unit Training

The primary radar can be used to train pulse radar related subjects. The ATCO-student can practice calibration, the application of filters and amplification as well as to read primary radar images. The 24 Ghz source allows for high resolution images even at shortest range - inside and outside the classroom.

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Site-specific Primary Radar Solution for Rating Training

The multi-modal radar provides the modular environment to set up a simplified training replica of the site-specific radar environment.  The multi-modal radar operates with an S-Band Tx/Rx radar and uses a computer-based control-center to visualize A-Scope and B-Scopes, as well as to manipulate parameters (power, pulse-width), filters, amplification and to look at aspects like clutter or Doppler. 

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RASS-S Training Radar

The RASS-S Training System allows ATCO-tudents to study the operations of the radar systems applied in conjunction with the Radar Analysis Support System for Sites (RASS-S). In particular on-the-job-training (unit & continuation) is made possible. SkyRadar makes use of standard RASS-S equipment extended by a didactical radar training environment. It is technically impossible for an ANSP (Air Navigation Service Provider) to do that kind of training on an operational system without disturbing or even endangering its operations.

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Continuation Training

Continuation training, designed to maintain the validity of the endorsements of the licence. There are three types of continuation training:

  • Refresher Training
    Refresher training is designed to review or reinforce existing ATCO competencies. It should be site-specific, conducted on a regular basis and related to the rating and/or certification of the ATCO. It should cover theoretical knowledge as well as practical skills which can be acquired through simulations or practical exercises.
    Refresher training may be carried out either on-site or off-site, whichever is the most appropriate. Where possible, it is advantageous that part of the training be carried out on representative systems or equipment.    
  • Emergency Training
    Emergency training refers to training for the management of non-routine situations. It is linked to the competency unit “management of non-routine situations” and the subsequent competency elements and performance criteria. 
    The ATCO is enabled to deal with causal factors such as natural events such as earthquakes, tornado, flood, fire (a); security breach sich as terrorism, cyber-attack, sabotage (b); and technology breach such as major system failure or power failure (c).  
  • Conversion Training
    Conversion training is required when an existing system is changed in a way that it triggers operations. Examples can be system modification (e.g. new hardware) or the availability of new equipment. Conversion-training is system- or equipment specific.

Tower / ACC / APP / GND Simulator for Continuation Training

For refresher, emergency and conversion training, we need to be site specific. So we should choose applications, architecture, work place constellations and roles like in the real site. If a central training center provides that service, it should preset the constellations of all concerned sites. ICAO gives allows to use representative simulated environments for this training, as it would be too dangerous to conduct it in an operational tower or control center. 

But the system allows to input live data into the training system. This might be of particular value for conversion training, when a new system (e.g. a new set of antennas for SMGCS are implemented and to be trained).

For emergency training, the simulator allows to play through disaster scenarios (natural hazard, terrorism, etc). An expert systems allows to play through and compare several alternative recovery scenarios.

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Primary Surveillance Radar for Continuation Training

SkyRadar's primary radar is ideal for refresher training. ATCO-refreshing students can even access the radar remotely and can participate in trainings from remote locations or in dedicated time slots in the evening. In addition the system can be used in classroom and learning laboratory sessions. will support the rating endorsements related to primary radar.  The  radar operates in pulse mode at 24 GHz and provides very high resolution even at short range. 

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Primary & Secondary Radar Simulator

The SkyRadar Surveillance Simulator enables the student to refresh the relevant characteristics and parameters around primary & secondary radars including Pulse, Doppler, FMCW, CW, SSR, Mode A/C and S. 

The student can do this from remote locations, accessing the solution via your academy's Intra- or Extranet. It can also be used as part of classroom training of self-learning sessions in the academy.

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Multi-Modal Training Radar

The multi-modal radar is the perfect system for the advanced student in the context of refresher, emergency or conversion training. The modular design of the system allows the student to set up a radar architecture similar to the one at the location, to conduct measurements and to understand potential challenges of the system. Constellations of errors and emergencies can be mocked up and analyzed. The student gets a deeper understanding of the site's infrastructure in general - downtimes and time to recovery can be significantly reduced.

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ADS-B Training Radar for Continuation Training

Conceived for the advanced ATCO student, this system provides a radar architecture, similar to the one at the location. The student is enabled to conduct measurements and to understand potential challenges of the system. Constellations of errors and emergencies can be mocked up and analyzed. The student gets a deeper understanding of the site's infrastructure in general - downtimes and time to recovery can be significantly reduced.         

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NavAids Simulator for Continuation Training

The SkyRadar NavAids Simulator enables the student to refresh the relevant characteristics and parameters around ILS, DME and VOR. 

The student can do this from remote locations, accessing the solution via your academy's Intra- or Extranet. It can also be used as part of classroom training of self-learning sessions in the academy.

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SkyRadar Modular Radar Training System

SkyRadar's base unit is a close range training and research radar for indoor and outdoor experiments.